County Resource Management Plan Toolkit County Resource Management Plan Toolkit

The Three C's


Coordination is the essential element of county resource management planning.  It works at three levels: coordination with federal agency plans, coordination with state agencies, and internal coordination.


Although federally-managed lands are not under local ownership, the lands are used locally.  Given the requirement for federal agencies to coordinate on public lands planning, by following the general structure available in this tool, counties can submit plans which make federal agency review and comparison easier. Easier comparisons mean a more effective presentation of the county’s voice, through its statements on priorities and desired conditions.


Typically, resources on county lands extend beyond county borders. By working with the private sector, regional associations, universities, and state government agencies on gathering and using the best available science, the county can create more reasonable statements on desired management conditions which are data-backed and consistent with neighboring counties. This provides a more unified and factual voice to federal agencies managing these lands. The documents found in the resources section help identify the correct agencies to contact about different county resources.


The structure and instructions provided in this tool are designed to help you develop a more internally consistent plan. Internally coordinated and consistent plans reduce confusion and convey a unified, clear voice for local priorities. The desired management settings should be consistent with the data from the existing setting and socio-economic links; it follows that the policies should align consistently with goals, and the monitoring be consistent with tracking the change from existing management settings to desired management settings.




The examples provided in this tool help illustrate good, credible tone.  A credible CRMP is driven by the best available data and has an appropriate tone. The data should be used to establish a realistic vision for resource use. Without data to backup desired management settings and policies, the claims may appear arbitrary and unreasonable. It may be difficult to obtain the needed data, but efforts here will benefit any argument. A strong public process also supports a credible planning process and resource plan. The resources, templates, and instructions in this tool will help communities focus on obtaining the best accurate scientific data.


Credibility also extends to the tone of the document. Effective CRMPs avoid confrontational or demanding language as well as anti-agency messages—this can weaken good resource management suggestions and leads to an unequal relationship with federal agencies. The goal is coordination as equals, recognizing the role each entity plays in the process and management of resources.




The template and examples provided in this tool will help you write a more clear plan.  Clear plans are readable and maintain a simple, macro-level vision for county-agency coordination and resource use. Gathered data should be summarized and referenced, but placed in an appendix so not to distract from the central points and message. To avoid confusion, content from other sections can be referenced but should not be repeated. Following a clear document structure helps aid a logical and more clearly reasonable plan. The more readable a plan is written, the more compelling the proposals.